Columbia, SC is the capital of South Carolina and is also the state’s largest city. The history of Columbia is a long and complicated one, with the city having been founded, destroyed, and rebuilt several times over the course of its existence. It’s a strong a resilient city which is one of the inspirtations for Lantana Recovery’s Columbia alcohol rehab center. Now let’s take a look at the complex history of this important city.
Understanding the History of Columbia, South Carolina
The area that is now Columbia was originally inhabited by various Native American tribes, including the Catawba, Congaree, and Cherokee. The first European settlers to arrive in the area were Spanish explorers, who gave the region its name (“Columbia” comes from Christopher Columbus).
The Founding of Columbia
Columbia was officially founded in 1786 as part of the South Carolina State Legislature’s plan to create a centrally located capital city. The city was designed by surveyor Benjamin Lyttleton and named after Christopher Columbus.
The Civil War and Reconstruction
During the Civil War, Columbia was occupied by Union troops in February 1865. In April of that same year, however, Confederate troops recaptured the city and burned a large portion of it to the ground. Following the war, Columbia underwent a period of reconstruction.
20th Century Columbia, SC
In the early 20th century, Columbia continued to grow rapidly. By the mid-20th century, however, racial tensions were high and race riots broke out in 1967. These riots resulted in significant damage to black-owned businesses in downtown Columbia. In recent years, Columbia has experienced something of a renaissance, with a growing economy and revitalized downtown area.
Concluding the History of Columbia
Columbia’s history is a long and complicated one. From its origins as a Native American settlement to its present-day incarnation as South Carolina’s capital city, Columbia has undergone many changes over the course of its existence. Today, Columbia is a thriving metropolis with much to offer visitors and residents alike. Whether you’re interested in its rich history or its bright future, there’s something for everyone in Columbia!
You might be wondering about the history of Greenville or the history of Charleston, South Carolina.