Introduction to Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention
Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is a powerful treatment program that combines mindfulness and relapse prevention techniques. Rooted in principles of self-compassion and acceptance, MBRP empowers individuals to navigate their addiction recovery journey with a heightened sense of awareness. In this introduction, we will explore the transformative nature of MBRP, its emphasis on self-compassion, and how it differs from traditional addiction treatment approaches. Prepare to discover a holistic approach that can help individuals overcome addiction and cultivate a path towards long-lasting recovery.
Explanation of MBRP as a treatment program that combines mindfulness and relapse prevention techniques
Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is an approach for overcoming addiction. It combines mindfulness techniques and relapse prevention strategies to help individuals become aware of their thoughts, emotions, and physical sensations. This awareness enables individuals to recognize the triggers of their addictive behaviors.
MBRP emphasizes accepting cravings, rather than resisting them. Urge surfing is a technique used to help individuals ride out their cravings until they subside.
Studies have shown that MBRP reduces the risk of relapse to substance use and heavy drinking. It is also effective in reducing drug use. MBRP addresses the psychological and physiological aspects of addiction recovery, making it essential for long-term sobriety.
MBRP sessions involve components such as learning cognitive-behavioral skills, practicing urge surfing, and integrating mindfulness into daily life. This combination of practices provides individuals with a comprehensive toolkit for recovery.
MBRP is a valuable standalone treatment option for individuals with mental health disorders. It is also effective across different addictive behaviors, making it applicable to multiple challenges simultaneously.
Focus on principles of self-compassion and acceptance of all experiences, including cravings and urges
Self-compassion and acceptance are key parts of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP). This treatment program combines mindfulness techniques with relapse prevention strategies. By practicing self-compassion, people learn to look at their experiences, including cravings and urges, without judgment.
MBRP encourages people to treat themselves kindly and understandingly, even when they struggle. This involves seeing cravings and urges as temporary and not reasons to be ashamed. Through this acceptance, people can build resilience in the face of triggers and stressors, reducing the chances of relapse.
MBRP also merges cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with mindfulness. This lets people recognize their reactions to stimuli while using mindfulness techniques to respond skillfully. Studies have found that MBRP is better than other relapse programs and 12-step approaches at reducing drug use and heavy drinking. Plus, practicing self-compassion and acceptance in MBRP reduces stress and increases well-being. MBRP equips people with the tools to manage their emotions, show self-compassion, and overcome addiction.
Comparison to traditional addiction treatment approaches
MBRP stands out from traditional addiction treatment approaches by combining mindfulness and relapse prevention techniques. Unlike treatments focused on abstinence and control, MBRP encourages self-compassion and accepting all experiences, such as cravings and urges. It acknowledges that cravings are part of recovery and teaches individuals how to observe their thoughts and emotions without judgment.
“Mindfulness-based therapies have emerged as an effective alternative to behavioral treatments. These therapies focus on acceptance and awareness of moment-to-moment experience, without judgment.” (Mindfulness-based relapse prevention with racial and ethnic minority women, witkiewitz et al.,2013)
MBRP is the ideal solution to addiction since sometimes the best way to overcome it is to just be present.
Understanding the Role of Mindfulness in Overcoming Addiction
Understanding how mindfulness plays a crucial role in overcoming addiction, this section provides a comprehensive exploration. Delving into the core concepts of mindfulness in recovery, it discusses mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Additionally, it sheds light on the acceptance of cravings and the practice of “urge surfing.” By grasping these essential components, individuals can enhance their journey towards lasting recovery.
Explanation of mindfulness as a key concept in recovery
Mindfulness is vital for addiction recovery. It helps individuals stay present and nonjudgmentally aware of their thoughts, feelings, and body sensations. With mindfulness, one can observe cravings without acting impulsively.
Evidence-based approaches such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) have been successful in reducing relapse rates. These interventions focus on cultivating awareness of experiences such as cravings, without judgment or resistance.
Moreover, mindfulness practice encourages self-compassion and acceptance. This helps develop resilience and cope with setbacks during the recovery journey. Individuals learn to approach experiences with curiosity and kindness, instead of harsh criticism.
Research has shown the efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP). A study compared MBRP to standard relapse prevention techniques. Results showed that MBRP participants had lower rates of relapse.
For clearer thinking and reduced stress, incorporate mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive therapy into your routine. Awareness and conscious choices, instead of automatic reactions, can help break free from addictive patterns and support recovery.
Description of mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) are two important methods for addiction recovery.
MBSR is all about managing stress and improving well-being through mindfulness. This includes focusing on the present, without judgement, and being aware of cravings and urges without reacting. If you are interested in Overcoming Addiction with Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention, check out this reputed source for more information.
MBCT takes mindfulness and combines it with cognitive behavior therapy. It helps recognize and alter thoughts which can lead to relapse. By combining mindfulness and cognitive therapy, it increases self-awareness and encourages healthy ways of dealing with triggers and cravings.
In conclusion, both MBSR and MBCT are evidence-based approaches which use mindfulness. They focus on accepting experiences, such as cravings, without resistance. These techniques can be successful in reducing the risk of relapse and promoting long-term recovery from substance use disorders.
Focus on the acceptance of cravings and the practice of “urge surfing”
Cravings can be tough to deal with in addiction recovery. MBRP, however, puts an emphasis on accepting them and doing “urge surfing”. This involves watching the craving without judgement, like riding a wave. People learn not to react too quickly to cravings and build resistance to them.
MBRP sees cravings as part of the recovery. We should accept them without criticism. By doing this, we can reduce the distress linked to cravings.
Urge surfing involves being aware of the craving without trying to change it or act on it right away. We stay with our thoughts, feelings, and sensations. This way, we can see cravings come and go. We gain more self-control over addictive urges.
By accepting cravings and doing urge surfing in MBRP, we gain skills to deal with triggers and urges. We learn how to make conscious decisions that help our goals for recovery.
The Benefits and Efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention
Discover the powerful benefits of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) in overcoming addiction. In this section, we will delve into the effectiveness of MBRP compared to standard relapse prevention methods. Explore the significant reduction in the risk of relapse to substance use and heavy drinking associated with MBRP. Additionally, learn about the added advantages that MBRP brings in minimizing drug use and heavy drinking. Reclaim control of your life through the transformative practice of MBRP.
Overview of a study evaluating the long-term efficacy of MBRP compared to standard relapse prevention and treatment as usual
A study was done to compare the long-term effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) and traditional relapse prevention/treatment methods. It aimed to assess how MBRP performed when compared to standard approaches.
MBRP uniquely combines mindfulness practices with relapse prevention techniques. It emphasizes self-compassion and acceptance of cravings, urges, and all experiences. It uses mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to equip individuals with the skills to accept cravings and “urge surf” – ride out the waves without giving in.
The findings of the study revealed promising results for MBRP’s long-term efficacy in preventing relapse. Compared to standard relapse prevention, those who underwent MBRP showed a reduced risk of returning to substance use and heavy drinking. So, it not only helps reduce drug use but also addresses heavy drinking habits.
The dynamic duo – MBRP and RP – fights substance use and heavy drinking, reducing the risk of relapse with mindful breaths.
Discussion of the reduced risk of relapse to substance use and heavy drinking associated with MBRP and RP
The effects of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) and traditional relapse prevention (RP) for reducing the risk of substance use or heavy drinking has been studied. A study assessing long-term efficacy showed promising results. Both MBRP and RP were effective, but MBRP had additional benefits. MBRP combines mindfulness and RP practices. It focuses on self-compassion and acceptance, including cravings and urges. This allows individuals to build skills for managing their feelings and overcoming addiction. Two key concepts are mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. They emphasize accepting cravings and urges without giving in. MBRP integrates mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral techniques. Urge surfing is used to manage high-risk situations. Cognitive-behavioral skills help identify triggers, thoughts, and emotions associated with substance use or heavy drinking. Practicing these techniques during MBRP teaches individuals to be aware of their reactions to triggers and how to respond mindfully. MBRP is effective for addictive and non-addictive disorders. A meta-analysis study showed positive results across various addictive behaviors.
Highlighting the added benefits of MBRP in reducing drug use and heavy drinking
Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) offers many advantages in cutting down on substance use and heavy drinking. A study assessing the long-term efficacy of MBRP versus conventional relapse prevention and treatment-as-usual showed a decreased risk of relapse concerning drug use and heavy drinking.
MBRP has been found to be useful in specifically reducing drug use and heavy drinking. This makes it a valuable treatment solution for individuals fighting addiction. By connecting mindfulness practices with cognitive-behavioral skills, individuals can create strategies for handling cravings and urges, leading to a decrease in substance use and heavy drinking.
MBRP also provides individuals the tools to identify high-risk situations and effectively move through them, supporting their efforts to reduce drug use. These results illustrate the extra benefits of MBRP in promoting recovery from addiction by addressing the root causes and behaviors associated with drug use and heavy drinking.
However, it must be noted that every individual’s reaction may differ based on their unique circumstances. Personal variables like concurrent mental health conditions can affect treatment outcomes, making clear the need for a comprehensive approach that considers all aspects of an individual’s well-being. Studies demonstrate that MBRP can be successful as a standalone treatment for both addictive and non-addictive disorders, making it a possible option for individuals with co-occurring problems.
With its proven success across numerous addictive behaviors, MBRP holds potential in aiding individuals attain lasting recovery while controlling their overall mental and emotional well-being.
Pro Tip: Incorporating mindfulness-based relapse prevention into everyday activities can boost the benefits of treatment, promoting long-term sobriety and emotional well-being.
Components and Techniques of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention
In this section, we will explore the components and techniques of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP). Discover the immersive MBRP sessions and the wide range of topics covered. Dive into techniques like urge surfing and managing high-risk situations. Moreover, we will delve into the powerful integration of mindfulness practices with cognitive-behavioral skills, enhancing the effectiveness of addiction recovery. Get ready to unlock the transformative possibilities of MBRP for overcoming addiction.
Description of MBRP sessions and the topics covered
MBRP sessions combine mindfulness and relapse prevention techniques to help individuals overcome addiction. Self-compassion and acceptance are essential for participants to experience and acknowledge cravings and urges without judgment. MBRP emphasizes mindfulness as a key concept in recovery, including mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive therapy.
These sessions cover urge surfing: Observing cravings without acting on them and recognizing they are temporary. Also, managing high-risk situations by developing skills to cope with triggers and avoid relapse. Mindfulness practices combined with cognitive-behavioral skills let individuals develop awareness of their reactions to triggers and cultivate healthier responses.
MBRP is effective for substance use disorders and co-occurring mental health disorders. It’s used as a standalone treatment for addictive behaviors and non-addictive disorders like depression or anxiety. A meta-analysis study has supported the efficacy of MBRP across different addictive behaviors.
MBRP sessions provide a comprehensive approach to relapse prevention that combines mindfulness and traditional addiction treatment methods. Learning to be present in the moment without judgment helps people develop skills for managing their emotional state and overcoming addiction. Urge surfing and high-risk situation management techniques help individuals stay high and dry.
Explanation of techniques such as urge surfing and managing high-risk situations
MBRP is a technique that incorporates urge surfing and managing high-risk situations. Participants learn to observe their cravings without judgment. Urge surfing involves exploring intense sensations with curiosity and acceptance, instead of resisting or suppressing them. This helps people establish a new relationship with their cravings.
Moreover, MBRP focuses on the development of cognitive-behavioral skills to navigate high-risk situations. People learn to identify triggers and respond skillfully instead of automatically reacting. This reduces the chances of relapse.
MBRP includes urge surfing. This prompts individuals to observe cravings without judgment. Through mindfulness during these moments, individuals learn to ride the wave of sensations and emotions that arise. This encourages self-compassion and acceptance while providing an effective way to navigate triggers.
Furthermore, MBRP focuses on managing high-risk situations by integrating mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral skills. Participants learn to identify triggers or risky scenarios. By cultivating present-moment awareness, individuals gain the ability to pause, reflect, and respond more intentionally. This empowers individuals by equipping them with strategies for making conscious choices aligned with their recovery goals.
The combination of urge surfing and managing high-risk situations within MBRP offers a framework for overcoming addiction. Through mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral skills, individuals develop self-awareness, emotional regulation, and resilience. This gives individuals the necessary tools to navigate their recovery journey and maintain sobriety.
Emphasis on the integration of mindfulness practices with cognitive-behavioral skills
MBRP is unique, integrating mindfulness practices with cognitive-behavioral skills. It combines principles of mindfulness and relapse prevention techniques to help those recovering from addiction.
This integration encourages self-compassion and acceptance, even for cravings and urges. Urge surfing and cognitive-behavioral skills are tools to gain insight into reactions and develop better coping strategies.
Traditional approaches may focus on abstinence or behavior modification, but MBRP recognizes the importance of cultivating mindfulness. Through this integration, individuals can manage triggers and high-risk situations, and understand underlying thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that fuel substance use.
This emphasis on integrating mindfulness practices with cognitive-behavioral skills in MBRP gives individuals a comprehensive toolkit to overcome addiction. They can enhance self-awareness, self-regulation, and adaptive coping abilities while fostering personal growth and resilience.
The Role of MBRP in Comorbidity and Co-occurring Disorders
In exploring the role of MBRP in comorbidity and co-occurring disorders, we uncover the fascinating impact that mental health disorders have on substance use treatment outcomes. Additionally, we’ll highlight how MBRP proves to be a highly effective standalone treatment for both addictive and non-addictive disorders. Supported by a meta-analysis, we’ll delve into the overwhelming evidence backing the efficacy of MBRP across a wide range of addictive behaviors.
Discussion of the impact of comorbid mental health disorders on substance use treatment outcomes
Comorbid mental health disorders have a big effect on the results of substance use treatment. When people struggle with both addiction and another mental health issue, it can make their recovery journey more difficult and complicate them achieving long-term sobriety. Studies have shown that those with comorbid disorders usually show more severe signs, higher relapse rates, and lower treatment retention rates in comparison to those without comorbidity.
Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) provides a hopeful way of dealing with comorbid mental health disorders’ impact on substance use treatment outcomes. By joining mindfulness practices with relapse prevention tactics, MBRP helps individuals learn skills to manage both their addictive behaviors and accompanying mental health symptoms.
MBRP concentrates on self-compassion and acceptance of all experiences, including desires and urges. Plus, it also stresses the importance of addressing the underlying emotional issues that may lead to substance use. By developing awareness and acceptance with mindfulness practices, individuals can understand more about the connections between their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors.
Moreover, MBRP combines cognitive-behavioral skills into its program, giving individuals useful methods to handle danger situations and deal with hard emotions related to comorbid mental health disorders. This complete approach lets individuals increase resilience and build healthier coping mechanisms when facing triggers or stressors.
To truly address the impact of comorbid mental health disorders on substance use treatment outcomes, it is essential for healthcare providers to notice the particular needs of these people and offer tailored interventions that tackle both addiction and core mental health conditions. By adding mindfulness-based approaches such as MBRP into treatment options, clinicians can upgrade results by encouraging self-awareness, emotional regulation, and reducing the risk of relapse for this vulnerable population.
By openly discussing comorbidity and exploring evidence-based interventions such as MBRP that target this population’s needs, we can create a more comprehensive and successful treatment landscape that assists individuals in their journey towards recovery.
Highlighting the effectiveness of MBRP as a standalone treatment for addictive and non-addictive disorders
MBRP is famous for its performance in treating both addictive and non-addictive disorders. This method combines mindfulness and relapse prevention strategies to tackle the individual problems of those with mental health conditions. MBRP focuses on self-compassion and understanding all experiences, including cravings and desires. Through mindfulness, people can gain insight into their addictive behaviors and have long-term recovery and improved mental health.
Mindfulness is important in MBRP as it helps to be aware of one’s thoughts, feelings, and sensations without judging them. This technique includes mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to help be in the present moment and accept cravings. Also, urge surfing is a part of MBRP, teaching people to take cravings like a wave and accept them without acting on them. This allows individuals to be strong in difficult situations and reduces the chance of relapse.
Research has proven MBRP to be effective in the long-term. It was found to lower the risk of substance use and heavy drinking compared to traditional relapse prevention methods. Moreover, MBRP also reduced drug use and heavy drinking in participants. These results show how effective MBRP is as a standalone treatment.
Additionally, studies have shown that MBRP is great for treating comorbidity along with addiction. Mental health conditions can make it difficult to treat substance use; however, MBRP has been successful in treating both types of disorders at once. A meta-analysis of various addictive behaviors supported the efficiency of MBRP in lessening symptoms and improving overall well-being. This further proves the potential of MBRP as a comprehensive treatment.
Conclusion and Future Implications of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention
In conclusion, the future implications of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) are promising. The benefits of MBRP in preventing relapse and managing triggers have been well-documented. Studies have shown the effectiveness of MBRP compared to traditional relapse prevention programs. It is encouraging for individuals battling addiction to consider practicing MBRP as a means of developing essential skills to manage their emotional state and overcome addiction.
Summary of the benefits of MBRP in preventing relapse and managing automatic reactions to triggers
MBRP, or Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention, offers great benefits in protecting against relapse and managing automated reactions to triggers. By mixing mindfulness and relapse prevention strategies, MBRP provides individuals with a powerful set of skills to guide their recovery journey. This approach emphasizes self-compassion and acceptance of all experiences, such as cravings and urges, helping individuals create a non-judgmental and compassionate relationship with themselves.
A main advantage of MBRP is that it helps individuals understand their automated reactions to triggers, allowing them to break these patterns before they cause a relapse. Through the practice of mindfulness, individuals can increase their awareness of the present moment, giving them the ability to recognize and manage tough emotions or situations that may cause cravings or impulsive behaviors. This heightened awareness also helps individuals recognize risky situations, develop coping strategies, and make better choices.
In addition to mindfulness techniques, MBRP teaches individuals how to “urge surf,” which is riding out cravings like waves until they subside. This technique reduces the chance of giving in to temptation and relapsing. Combining mindfulness practices with cognitive-behavioral skills gives individuals successful tools for maintaining sobriety.
MBRP’s emphasis on self-compassion is very beneficial in reducing feelings of shame or guilt that often come with addiction and can lead to relapse. By cultivating a more supportive and accepting attitude towards themselves, individuals are better prepared to stay on the path of recovery.
Regular practice of mindfulness techniques taught in MBRP also helps individuals increase their ability to regulate stress levels and build resilience, decreasing the risk of using substances as a way of dealing with life’s struggles. Furthermore, research shows that MBRP is successful in reducing drug use and heavy drinking.
Additionally, MBRP’s focus on mindfulness and self-compassion goes beyond regular addiction treatment approaches, providing individuals a special set of tools to address not only addictive behaviors but also co-occurring mental health disorders. A meta-analysis has backed the efficacy of MBRP across various addictive behaviors, making it a hopeful treatment option for those facing comorbidity.
Discussion of the effectiveness of MBRP compared to standard relapse prevention and 12-step programs
MBRP, or Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention, has been seen as a superior approach to traditional relapse prevention and 12-step programs when it comes to addiction management. It combines mindfulness practices with relapse prevention techniques, and emphasizes self-compassion and acceptance of all experiences, including cravings and urges. This sets it apart from other methods.
MBRP has been proven to do more than reduce the risk of relapse to substance use and heavy drinking; it has also been successful in reducing overall drug use and heavy drinking. Research has shown that it is especially beneficial when treating comorbidity cases, where individuals suffer from both addictive and non-addictive disorders. A meta-analysis further supported the efficacy of MBRP across various addictive behaviors, proving it better than standard relapse prevention and 12-step programs.
MBRP helps individuals develop skills to manage automatic reactions to triggers. This makes it a powerful tool for preventing relapse and promoting long-term recovery. In conclusion, it is a more effective and comprehensive approach to managing addiction when compared to traditional relapse prevention and 12-step programs.
Encouragement for individuals to practice MBRP to develop skills for managing their emotional state and overcoming addiction
Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is a helpful approach for those battling addiction. It helps them to learn and apply the necessary skills to manage their emotions and beat addiction.
MBRP is different from traditional addiction treatment methods because it doesn’t fight or suppress cravings. Instead, it teaches individuals to accept all experiences without judging them. Through mindfulness practice, people learn to recognize their thoughts, feelings, and physical sensations without impulsively reacting. This allows them to make deliberate choices that help them achieve their recovery goals.
Mindfulness plays a big role in overcoming addiction since it encourages non-judgmental awareness and self-regulation. MBSR and MBCT are evidence-based interventions that have been proven effective in the recovery process. These practices help people understand the causes of their addiction and develop healthier coping mechanisms.
Urge surfing is an important part of MBRP. It teaches people to observe the wave of craving and not give in or resist it. This encourages resilience and helps them realize that cravings are temporary and can be handled without turning to drugs.
Research shows that MBRP reduces the risk of relapse to substance use and heavy drinking compared to standard relapse prevention methods. Additionally, MBRP has been shown to reduce drug use and heavy drinking.
MBRP sessions focus on urge surfing, managing risky situations, and integrating mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral strategies. This prepares individuals with the tools they need to face challenges and maintain their recovery. For more information on Overcoming Addiction with Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention, visit this external link.
Finally, MBRP helps individuals dealing with both addiction and co-occurring mental health disorders. A meta-analysis supports its effectiveness across various addictive behaviors, making it a versatile treatment modality.
FAQs about Overcoming Addiction With Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention
Q: What is Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP)?
A: Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is a treatment program developed at the Addictive Behaviors Research Center at the University of Washington. It combines mindfulness techniques with relapse prevention strategies to help individuals overcome addiction and avoid a return to problematic behaviors.
Q: How does MBRP differ from traditional addiction treatment?
A: MBRP emphasizes self-compassion and acceptance of all experiences, including cravings and urges unlike traditional addiction treatment. It encourages individuals to accept that they will have urges and teaches them to “urge surf” or ride out these cravings instead of trying to avoid them. MBRP also focuses on individual empowerment and does not insist on abstinence like some 12-Step approaches.
Q: How does mindfulness practice support recovery from addiction?
A: Mindfulness practice helps individuals develop a more aware and nonjudgmental stance towards their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. By paying attention to their experiences without judgment, individuals can better understand their triggers, cravings, and urges. This increased self-awareness allows them to make conscious choices and develop healthier coping strategies in the face of addiction.
Q: What is “urge surfing” in the context of MBRP?
A: “Urge surfing” is a technique used in Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention. It involves using mindfulness strategies to ride out the intensity of an urge or craving without giving in to it. By focusing on their breath and trusting that the urge will eventually pass, individuals learn to tolerate discomfort and make conscious choices instead of automatically reacting to cravings.
Q: Is MBRP effective in preventing relapse?
A: Yes, research has shown that Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention is effective in reducing the risk of relapse compared to standard relapse prevention programs and 12-step approaches. Studies have also found that MBRP can lead to decreased substance use, decreased heavy drinking, and improved outcomes at the 12-month follow-up.
Q: Can MBRP be used as a standalone treatment for addiction?
A: Yes, MBRP has been shown to be effective as a standalone treatment for addictive and non-addictive disorders. It integrates mindfulness practices with cognitive-behavioral skills, including formal and informal mindfulness practices, coping strategies for triggers, high-risk situations, cravings, and urges. However, it can also be used in conjunction with other approaches, such as 12-Step programs, if desired.