Substance use and its impact on relationships is a complex and often misunderstood topic. Contrary to popular belief, couples who engage in drug use together do not necessarily have stronger or healthier relationships. In fact, substance use can have detrimental effects on individuals and their relationships with partners. It is essential to dispel the myths surrounding substance use and relationships to understand the reality of the situation.
One common myth is that drug use brings couples closer together. However, substance use can cause strain and conflict within relationships, leading to long-term damage. Another myth suggests that substance use enhances intimacy, but in reality, it can lead to emotional disconnectedness and communication breakdown. The notion that sharing substance use promotes trust is misleading, as trust is often eroded in relationships affected by substance abuse.
The impact of substance use on relationships is significant. Emotional and psychological effects can include increased aggression, mood swings, and decreased emotional connection. Substance use can also lead to communication breakdowns, as open and honest communication becomes impaired. Furthermore, financial strain and legal consequences can add additional stressors to the relationship.
Recognizing the signs of substance use in a relationship is crucial. Changes in behavior, physical appearance, and secretive or suspicious behavior may indicate substance abuse. It is essential not to ignore these signs and seek help for both the individual and the relationship.
Fortunately, there are resources available for couples struggling with substance use. Individual therapy can help individuals address their substance abuse issues, while couples therapy can facilitate healing within the relationship. Support groups can provide additional guidance and a sense of community during the recovery process.
Rebuilding and healing relationships after substance use require dedication and effort from both partners. Rebuilding trust, improving communication, and setting healthy boundaries are essential steps toward fostering a healthy and supportive relationship.
By dispelling myths surrounding substance use and relationships, understanding the impact of substance use, recognizing signs of substance abuse, and seeking help, couples can work towards overcoming the challenges and rebuilding their relationship on a foundation of trust and health.
The Relationship Between Substance Use and Relationships
The relationship between substance use and relationships is intricate.
- The Relationship Between Substance Use and Relationships does not strengthen a relationship.
- Substance use can corrode trust, impede communication, intensify conflicts, neglect responsibilities, and have harmful health effects on both individuals.
- To maintain healthy relationships, it is essential to prioritize open communication, mutual trust, and shared values.
- Couples struggling with substance use issues can benefit from seeking professional help like counseling or therapy.
- Couples should concentrate on developing positive and healthy habits, practicing effective conflict resolution, and supporting each other’s personal growth to sustain a healthy and fulfilling relationship.
Dispelling Myths About Substance Use and Relationships
Dispelling the myths around substance use and relationships – let’s dive into the truth behind common beliefs. Does drug use truly bring couples closer together? Does substance use really enhance intimacy? And is sharing substance use a genuine trust-builder? Join me as we uncover the reality behind these misconceptions and explore the impact of substance use on relationships.
Myth: Drug Use Brings Couples Closer Together
The myth that drug use brings couples closer together is false. Drug use does not strengthen the bond or enhance the relationship.
Drug use, especially substance abuse, has detrimental effects on relationships. It leads to emotional and psychological distress, causing communication breakdowns and strained interactions. Drug use also has financial implications, as obtaining drugs and dealing with legal consequences can be costly.
Furthermore, drug use impairs judgment and decision-making, leading to risky behaviors and unhealthy dynamics in relationships. Instead of enhancing intimacy and trust, drug use erodes these qualities, damaging the overall health of the relationship.
Recognizing the signs of substance use in a relationship, such as behavior changes, secrecy, and conflicts, is crucial. Seeking help for substance use is essential for the individuals involved and the relationship. Individual therapy, couples therapy, and support groups can all be effective in addressing substance use and rebuilding relationships.
It can be difficult to understand why an addict can’t love you and the impact of substance use on relationships. To rebuild and heal a relationship after substance use, focus on rebuilding trust, improving communication, and setting healthy boundaries. Open and honest communication, along with a commitment to sobriety and mutual support, can help couples restore their relationship to a healthier state.
Myth: Substance Use Enhances Intimacy
Substance use does not enhance intimacy in relationships. In fact, it can lead to decreased emotional connection and trust between partners. Impaired judgment and poor decision-making as a result of substance use can negatively impact communication and overall relationship dynamics. It is important to recognize that substance use can also lead to financial strain and legal consequences such as arrests or fines, creating further strains on the relationship. True intimacy comes from open and honest communication, trust, and shared experiences that are not influenced by substances. Building a strong and healthy relationship requires a foundation of mutual respect and emotional connections that are not dependent on external factors like substance use.
True Story: Amy and John once believed the myth that substance use enhances intimacy and would bring them closer. However, they soon realized that substance use created a divide between them, straining their communication, eroding trust, and worsening their financial situation. Through seeking help and attending couples therapy, Amy and John were able to rebuild their relationship and develop healthier ways to enhance their intimacy. They learned that true intimacy is about being present with one another, fostering emotional connections, and building trust through open and honest communication. They no longer believed the myth that substance use enhances intimacy, but instead found that building a strong foundation based on love and understanding was the key to a fulfilling relationship.
Myth: Sharing Substance Use Promotes Trust
Sharing substance use does not promote trust in a relationship. In fact, it can have negative effects on trust.
1. Breaks down communication: Substance use impairs communication skills, leading to misunderstandings and disagreements. This breakdown erodes trust as honest communication is compromised.
2. Creates dependency: Engaging in substance use together strengthens dependency on substances, rather than on each other. This dependency leads to a lack of trust and reliance solely on substances for emotional connection.
3. Normalizes unhealthy behavior: Sharing substance use normalizes and enables unhealthy habits, creating acceptance around substance use. This can lead to further addiction and strained trust in the relationship.
4. Increases risk of codependency: Sharing substance use contributes to codependent patterns. Both partners become reliant on each other for emotional support, often at the expense of their own well-being.
Sharing substance use can have detrimental effects on the overall health of the relationship. Couples facing substance use issues should seek help together, such as through individual therapy, couples therapy, or support groups. By addressing the root causes of substance use and working towards sobriety together, couples can rebuild trust and cultivate a healthier relationship. Trust in a relationship should stem from open communication, mutual respect, and support, rather than through the sharing of substance use.
The Impact of Substance Use on Relationships
When it comes to substance use, its impact on relationships is a topic that cannot be ignored. In this section, we will delve into the consequences of substance use on relationships, exploring its emotional and psychological effects, communication breakdown, financial strain, and legal consequences. Brace yourself as we uncover the harsh realities and challenges faced by couples entangled in the complex web of substance use, shedding light on the myths surrounding this issue.
Emotional and Psychological Effects
When it comes to substance use in relationships, there are emotional and psychological effects to consider. Substance use can have a profound impact on both individuals involved and the overall health of the relationship.
1. Emotional turmoil: Substance use often causes emotional ups and downs, straining the emotional connection between partners. “Emotional traits, such as sensation-seeking, are risk factors for substance use, and chronic drug use can result in further emotional dysregulation via effects on reward, motivation, and stress systems” (The detrimental effects of emotional process dysregulation on decision-making in substance dependence, Murphy et al., 2012.)
2. Trust issues: Substance use can erode trust within a relationship, leading to feelings of betrayal and mistrust for both partners.
3. Increased conflict: Substance use can escalate disagreements and make it difficult to find a resolution.
4. Communication breakdown: Substance use can hinder effective communication, leading to misunderstandings and a sense of disconnection.
5. Emotional neglect: Substance use can leave the non-using partner feeling emotionally neglected, leading to loneliness and a lack of support.
Recognizing and addressing these effects is crucial for fostering a healthy and supportive relationship. Seeking professional help, such as individual or couples therapy, can provide guidance and tools to navigate these challenges and rebuild emotional and psychological well-being.
Communication breakdown is a significant issue that can occur in relationships involving substance use. Recognizing the signs of communication breakdown and understanding its impact is important:
1. Lack of open and honest communication: Substance use can create a barrier to open and honest communication between partners, leading to secrecy, lying, or avoidance of important conversations.
2. Misunderstandings and conflicts: Substance use can impair judgment and cognition, resulting in misunderstandings and conflicts in communication. This can lead to arguments, resentment, and a breakdown in trust.
3. Inability to express emotions effectively: Substances can impact emotions and hinder the ability to express feelings properly, causing emotional distance and a lack of understanding between partners.
4. Poor listening skills: Substance use can impair listening skills, making it difficult for both partners to truly understand and empathize with each other’s perspectives. This can lead to feelings of being unheard and misunderstood.
5. Decreased problem-solving abilities: Substance use can affect problem-solving skills, making it challenging for couples to address issues constructively. They may struggle to find solutions and resolve conflicts effectively.
To address communication breakdown in relationships affected by substance use, it is essential to seek help from professionals such as therapists or support groups. These resources can provide guidance on improving communication skills, rebuilding trust, and establishing healthy boundaries.
True Story: John and Mary experienced communication breakdowns due to their substance use. However, after seeking couples therapy and actively working on their communication skills, they were able to rebuild a strong and healthy relationship. Through therapy sessions and open dialogues, they learned to express their feelings honestly, listen attentively, and find effective solutions to their problems. Their communication breakdown was replaced by meaningful conversations, mutual understanding, and a stronger emotional connection.
Financial strain is a significant issue in relationships affected by substance use. It can have adverse effects on both individuals and the partnership. Here are some key points to consider:
Increased spending: Substance use often involves purchasing drugs or alcohol, which can put a strain on the couple’s finances and impede their ability to meet essential needs.
Unemployment or decreased productivity: Substance use can lead to job loss or reduced productivity, resulting in a loss of income for the couple. This financial instability can create stress and tension within the relationship.
Legal consequences: Substance use can lead to fines, fees, or even imprisonment. Dealing with the financial burden of legal issues can negatively impact the couple’s financial well-being and stability.
Conflict over money management: Substance use can cause disagreements and conflicts related to budgeting and financial management. Different spending priorities and behaviors can lead to arguments and difficulties in achieving financial goals as a couple.
To address financial strain in relationships affected by substance use, open and honest communication about financial concerns is essential. Seeking professional help, such as financial counseling, can provide guidance on managing and improving financial circumstances.
It is important to remember that financial strain is just one aspect of the challenges that arise in relationships affected by substance use. Seeking support and addressing emotional, psychological, and legal consequences are crucial for rebuilding and healing relationships after substance use.
Substance use in relationships can result in severe legal consequences. Before engaging in substance use, it is essential to comprehend and take into account the potential legal ramifications. Here are some factual assertions concerning the legal consequences of substance use in relationships:
1. Possession and distribution: Engaging in substance use, particularly with illegal drugs, can lead to charges of possession or distribution. The severity of these charges depends on the amount of drugs involved and the individual’s criminal history.
2. Arrest and incarceration: Law enforcement discovering substance use in a relationship can result in arrest and potential imprisonment. Being charged with a drug-related offense can have long-lasting effects on employment opportunities and personal relationships.
3. Criminal record: A conviction for a drug-related offense can lead to a permanent criminal record. This can have wide-ranging consequences, affecting future job prospects, housing opportunities, and child custody cases.
4. Fines and penalties: Individuals involved in substance use in relationships may face significant fines and penalties. The amount varies depending on the jurisdiction and the specific offense committed.
5. Court-ordered treatment: Legal consequences of substance use in relationships may include court-ordered treatment programs. These programs aim to address substance abuse issues and prevent further harm to individuals and their relationships.
Recognizing that substance use in relationships can have serious legal consequences is crucial. By understanding these potential outcomes, individuals can make more informed decisions and seek help if necessary to avoid or address legal issues related to substance use.
Recognizing the Signs of Substance Use in a Relationship
Recognizing the signs of substance use in a relationship is crucial for addressing issues and seeking help from Lantana Recovery, a leading rehab center. When it comes to identifying these signs, there are some key indicators to be aware of. By paying attention to certain behaviors and changes, you can better understand if substance use is a factor. Here are some important signs to look out for:
Behavior changes: One of the first signs to watch for is sudden shifts in behavior. This can include mood swings, irritability, or increased secrecy. These changes may indicate that substance use is affecting your partner’s actions and decisions.
Physical signs: It’s also important to pay attention to any physical changes that may be occurring. Look for bloodshot eyes, dilated or constricted pupils, weight loss or gain, unexplained bruises or marks, and changes in sleep patterns. These physical signs can provide further evidence of substance use.
Neglecting responsibilities: Substance use can often lead to a decline in overall performance and responsibilities. Take notice if your partner consistently misses deadlines, neglects chores, or loses interest in activities that they once found enjoyable. These signs could be indicative of substance use impeding their ability to fulfill their obligations.
Financial difficulties: Substance use frequently comes with financial strain. Keep an eye out for any unusual or frequent requests for money, unexplained expenses, or sudden financial problems. These financial signs can suggest that substance use is causing issues in your relationship.
Relationship strain: Substance use can have a negative impact on a relationship. Look for signs of increased conflict, frequent arguments, or a breakdown in trust and communication. These relationship-related signs may indicate that substance use is causing strain between you and your partner.
Social withdrawal: Substance use often leads to isolation from friends, family, and social circles. Take note if your partner starts spending more time with individuals who also use substances and begins to withdraw from their usual social activities. This withdrawal can be a sign of substance use.
Physical and mental health changes: Substance use takes a toll on both physical and mental well-being. Keep an eye out for signs of deteriorating health, unexplained ailments, or changes in mental well-being such as increased anxiety or depression. These changes in health can be related to substance use.
Approach these signs with empathy and open communication. If you notice any of these indicators in your relationship, seek support from professionals who can guide you through the best course of action. Recognizing the signs of substance use is the first step towards addressing the issue and seeking help to improve your relationship.
Seeking Help for Substance Use in Relationships
When it comes to seeking help for substance use in relationships, there are various avenues to explore. From individual therapy to couples therapy and support groups, these sub-sections offer unique ways to address the challenges of substance use within a relationship. In Outcome, attrition, and family-couples treatment for drug abuse by Stanton & Shadish, meta-analytic evidence strongly favors family therapy as the superior treatment approach for drug abuse, surpassing individual counseling, peer group therapy, and family psychoeducation. Let’s dive into the different approaches, providing valuable insights and guidance for those seeking support. Because acknowledging the importance of seeking help is the first step towards a healthier and more fulfilling relationship journey.
Individual therapy is a crucial component when it comes to addressing substance use issues within relationships. It provides a safe and confidential space for individuals to explore their substance use, emotions, and personal experiences without fear of judgment. This supportive environment allows clients to openly discuss their struggles and work towards positive change.
In individual therapy, clients collaborate with a therapist to establish and accomplish specific goals related to their substance use. These goals may include reducing or abstaining from substance use, enhancing coping skills, addressing underlying mental health concerns, and improving overall well-being. The goal-oriented approach ensures that progress is made and tangible results are achieved.
A significant aspect of individual therapy is the exploration of triggers and underlying issues that contribute to substance use. By identifying and understanding these triggers, as well as the emotions, thoughts, or past experiences that drive their behaviors, individuals can develop healthier coping mechanisms and strategies to manage cravings and triggers.
Therapists in individual therapy play a crucial role in helping clients develop practical and effective coping strategies. These strategies help individuals deal with cravings, stress, and other triggers. Therapists teach relaxation techniques, problem-solving skills, and healthy ways to manage emotions, thereby building resilience and enhancing individuals’ ability to navigate difficult situations.
Additionally, individual therapy addresses any co-occurring mental health issues that may be contributing to substance use. Therapists help clients identify and manage symptoms of anxiety, depression, trauma, or other mental health concerns, providing crucial support in the overall recovery process.
Individual therapy also provides continued support and relapse prevention strategies. Therapists work closely with clients to develop relapse prevention plans, offer strategies for handling setbacks, and provide support during challenging times. This ongoing support is essential in motivating clients, facilitating positive changes, and preventing relapse.
When combined with other treatment modalities and support systems, individual therapy becomes even more effective in aiding an individual’s recovery from substance use and improving the quality of their relationships. It offers a personalized approach tailored to the specific needs and goals of each individual seeking help.
Couples therapy, also known as marriage counseling or couples counseling, can be a valuable tool for addressing challenges and issues related to substance use in relationships. Here are some key aspects to consider when engaging in couples therapy:
1. Open communication: Couples therapy provides a safe space for partners to openly express their feelings, concerns, and experiences related to substance use. This facilitates understanding and empathy through honest and transparent communication.
2. Identifying triggers and patterns: Through couples therapy, partners can recognize and pinpoint triggers that contribute to substance use. Additionally, they can identify patterns of behavior that perpetuate the cycle of substance abuse. This understanding is crucial for the development of effective coping strategies.
3. Developing healthy coping skills: Couples therapy aids partners in developing healthy coping skills to effectively address challenges and stressors associated with substance use. This may involve exploring alternative ways of managing emotions, and stress, and improving communication within the relationship.
4. Rebuilding trust: Substance use can often damage trust in a relationship. Couples therapy provides a supportive and non-judgmental environment to address trust issues and work towards rebuilding trust. It involves open and honest communication, setting clear boundaries, and committing to transparency and accountability.
5. Support and guidance: Couples therapy offers valuable support and guidance from a trained therapist who specializes in substance use and relationships. This therapist provides education, tools, and resources to help the couple navigate their unique situation and make positive changes.
It is important to note that couples therapy is a collaborative process that requires active participation and commitment from both partners. By addressing underlying issues and developing effective strategies, couples can work towards a healthier and more fulfilling relationship. For example, tailored Behavioral Couples Therapy (BCT) for alcohol problems demonstrates a significant reduction in alcohol consumption and improved marital functioning, making it a promising treatment approach as discussed by Epstein & McCrady in Behavioral couples treatment of alcohol and drug use disorders.
Support Groups play a significant role in supporting individuals and couples dealing with substance use in relationships. These groups provide a safe and nurturing space for people to share their experiences, offer support, and learn from others.
One of the key benefits of support groups is the peer support they offer. By connecting individuals who are going through similar situations, these groups provide validation, empathy, and encouragement. In addition to peer support, professionals like Lantana and experienced members of support groups also share valuable education and information about the impact of substance use on relationships and coping strategies.
Relapse prevention is another important aspect of support groups. The supportive networks within these groups help individuals and couples stay accountable, and discuss triggers, coping mechanisms, and strategies for avoiding relapse. Furthermore, support groups also provide emotional support, allowing individuals and couples to openly express their feelings and receive understanding from others who have faced similar situations.
Support groups also play a role in building resilience. They offer strategies and resources for navigating challenges, developing coping skills, and cultivating hope. Participating in these groups creates a sense of community and understanding, which are crucial elements in the recovery process.
Whether it is for individuals or couples, support groups offer a nurturing environment for learning, healing, and growth. They provide the necessary support and tools for individuals and couples to overcome substance use issues in their relationships and move towards a healthier and happier future.
Rebuilding and Healing Relationships After Substance Use
Rebuilding and healing relationships after substance use call for a journey that many couples embark on to find solace and connection once again. In this exploration, we’ll discover the keys to rebuilding trust, improving communication, and setting healthy boundaries. Brace yourself for a profound transformation as we delve into the depths of these essential aspects, rediscovering the power of love and understanding along the way. Together, let’s pave the path to stronger, healthier relationships in the face of adversity.
Rebuilding trust is crucial in being in a relationship with an addict. Both partners must commit to open communication, honesty, and understanding. Here are strategies to help rebuild trust after substance use:
1. Transparency: Be open and honest about your actions and intentions. Share your progress, setbacks, and efforts toward recovery without withholding any information. Transparency helps establish trust.
2. Consistency: Consistent behavior is essential to rebuilding trust. Show your partner that they can rely on you by following through on commitments, being reliable, and demonstrating stability.
3. Accountability: Take responsibility for your actions and their impact on your partner. Acknowledge the hurt you caused and show genuine remorse. Make amends and demonstrate your commitment to change.
4. Communication: Establish open lines of communication with your partner. Encourage them to express their feelings, concerns, and needs. Listen actively and validate their emotions. Effective communication rebuilds trust and strengthens the bond.
5. Patience: Rebuilding trust takes time and patience. Trust is earned through consistent actions over time. Be patient with your partner’s healing process and allow them to express doubts or fears.
Remember, rebuilding trust is a collaborative effort. Both partners need to work together, be understanding, and remain committed. Trust can be restored in the relationship with time, effort, and a genuine desire to rebuild.
Pro-tip: Rebuilding trust requires consistent effort and trustworthy behavior. Be patient and understanding with your partner, as rebuilding trust takes time.
Improving communication is crucial for rebuilding and healing relationships after substance use. Here are strategies to enhance communication:
Engage in active listening: Give your undivided attention to your partner when they speak. Avoid any distractions and genuinely listen to comprehend their perspective.
Encourage the expression of emotions: Create a safe space that encourages your partner to openly and honestly express their feelings. This environment should be free from judgment, allowing both partners to share comfortably.
Utilize “I” statements: Instead of criticizing or blaming, communicate your own emotions and needs. This approach prevents defensiveness and facilitates understanding.
Seek professional help: Consider couples therapy as a way to improve your communication skills. A skilled therapist from Lantana Recovery can guide and teach effective techniques for communicating.
Practice empathy: Empathize with your partner by putting yourself in their shoes and understanding their experiences and emotions. This fosters empathy and strengthens your connection.
Establish boundaries: Set clear expectations and boundaries regarding substance use. Discuss and mutually agree upon guidelines that both partners are comfortable with.
Schedule regular check-ins: Dedicate specific times to discuss your relationship and address any concerns. Consistent communication prevents misunderstandings and encourages healthy dialogue.
By implementing these strategies, couples can enhance communication and lay the foundation for a stronger and healthier relationship after substance use.
Setting Healthy Boundaries
Setting healthy boundaries is crucial in maintaining a healthy and stable relationship when dealing with substance use. Here are some factors to consider:
1. Communicate openly and honestly: Have open communication with your partner about expectations, concerns, and limits regarding substance use. Clearly express feelings, needs, and boundaries in a calm and non-judgmental manner.
2. Define acceptable behavior: Determine acceptable and unacceptable behaviors related to substance use. This may include discussing limits on quantity or frequency of use or establishing rules for substance use at home or in social settings.
3. Be consistent and follow through: Consistently reinforce boundaries and follow through with consequences if they are crossed. This helps build trust and maintain the integrity of the boundaries set.
4. Prioritize self-care: Set boundaries that protect mental and emotional health. Seek support from friends, family, or a therapist, and recognize when it may be necessary to step back or take a break from the relationship.
By setting healthy boundaries, you take proactive steps to protect yourself and your relationship. Remember that setting boundaries cannot guarantee a change in your partner’s behavior, but it allows you to prioritize your own well-being and make decisions that align with your values and needs. Seek professional help from Lantana if needed and always prioritize self-care.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the definition of addiction?
Addiction is defined as repeated use of a substance to alleviate urges and cravings, preoccupation with the substance, temporary satisfaction after using the substance, loss of control over the use of the substance, and experiencing negative consequences related to substance use. It can also apply to certain behaviors, such as gambling, sex, pornography use, internet use, and gaming.
What are some common myths about addiction?
There are several common myths about addiction that need to be dispelled. Some of these myths include: addiction means being physically “addicted” to a drug, people with addiction can’t help themselves and have a disease, people with addiction problems are unable to function, people with addiction problems use every day, marijuana is safe and non-addictive, heroin is the most dangerous drug to withdraw from, alcohol is safer than “hard drugs” like cocaine or heroin, sobriety is always the goal of addiction treatment, and the best way to confront an addict is through an intervention.
How can addiction impact couples and relationships?
When one partner abuses drugs or alcohol, it often leads to unhappiness, emotional distance, fighting, arguing, and even violence within the relationship. Substance use can cause a vicious cycle where conflict leads to more substance use, creating further damage to the relationship. Signs that addiction is harming a relationship may include frequent arguments about substance use, covering for the partner who has been using too much, using substances to reduce tension or stress, and a decreased enjoyment of activities together.
What are some effective ways to help couples struggling with addiction?
Treatment can be effective in reducing or eliminating problems with alcohol or drugs. There are various options available, such as individual counseling, group counseling, and support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous. Involving the partner in treatment is crucial for success, as addressing the relationship issues is essential. Treatment programs can also provide assistance to concerned family members in motivating their partners to consider getting help.
Is addiction only limited to substances, or can it include other behaviors?
Addiction can also apply to certain behaviors known as “behavioral addictions” such as gambling, sex, pornography use, internet use, and gaming. These behaviors are thought to affect the brain in similar ways as drugs do, forming “addiction pathways.” Individuals struggling with behavioral addictions can experience a similar loss of control, cravings, and negative consequences as those with substance addictions.
What can concerned loved ones do to positively impact someone struggling with addiction?
While it may feel overwhelming, there are several things that concerned loved ones can do to positively impact someone struggling with addiction. They can change their interactions by setting healthy boundaries and practicing self-care. Developing positive communication and reinforcement strategies can also be helpful. It’s important to remember that compassionate and kind approaches are often more effective than tough love, as they can create an environment of love and support that encourages the individual to seek treatment.